The Science of Art
Art can be defined as the expression or application of human creative skill and imagination. When it comes to art, imagination and skills are key words. The application or expression can be done visually in the form of a painting or a sculpture that has charismatic ability to get people attracted through its beauty or emotional power. The visual arts are the various branches of creative activities, such as painting, music, literature, and dance. Whereas, Science from Latin “scientia” meaning “knowledge” is based upon observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanation of phenomena. Art and Science are generally viewed as two distinct disciplines and totally unrelated to each other. Art is often seen as creative, intuitive, expressive, sensual, experiential, and motional; Science, as methodical, logical, explicative, intellectual, cognitive, and rational. As per Edward O Wilson, “Science explains feeling, while Art transmits it”. But even more fundamentally, “the common property of Science and Art is the transmission of information…and…the respective modes of transmission in Science and Art can be made logically equivalent”.
In fact, Science has always impacted Art and to establish the closer association in between these two disciplines, we need to look into the historical evolution of Art up to its contemporary phase, of the world in general and India in particular.